Stone Mill Diagram
Milling Grains Education - Milling
Fresh flour makes better bread, better baked goods and offers better nutrition. When you purchase flour off the store shelf, it's difficult to know how old the flour may be. Solve that problem by milling your own grains.
A home kitchen mill will cost anywhere from around $150.00 to over $1000.00, depending on the type you choose. There are many good mills on the market, each one unique in it's style and method for grinding grains.
A good kitchen mill sure beats the old mortar and pestle, but you could always go back to the old school method to create fine flour from wheat - but I'm not sure you need to:
Wikipedia: "A mortar and pestle is a device used since ancient times to prepare ingredients or substances by crushing and grinding them into a fine paste or powder."
We like the modern version - the electric grain mill that mills fresh grains into fresh, nutritious flour or cereals.
How Mills Work
There are two types of counter-top mills. Each can be electric or manual (hand driven).
Mills that grind with stones (very durable and mill from coarse to fine).
Mills that grind with steel burrs (high quality steel - usually have life-time warranty's)
Stone mills have been around since the dawn of time, when the concept of milling grains moved man to create a tool for grinding grains without the mortar and pestal. Usually slow and even, stones mill grains to flour at a lower temperature than steel, and for mill purists, is the more natural method for milling.
Many home-town bakeries who take pride in their baked products mill flour on-site using a stone mill. Stone mills can be large - used for commercial use, or smaller and used on the counter at home for milling as needed.
In general, stone mills work by having one stone be a bed (stationary) stone, while the other stone, called the runner or rotor stone, turns and does the grinding. The stones are grooved on the inside to force the milled grains and flour to the outside of the stones to be collected in a separate container.
Steel Burr Mills
Mills that use steel burrs are common with the smaller, counter-top type mill you would purchase for your kitchen. Steel burrs mill grains similar to stones, but at a much higher rate of speed and usually at a higher temperature.
Maintenance for steel burr mills is easy and the burrs last for years and years.
Which mill should I consider?
There are many good mills on the market and many good websites that explain these choices. See the following sites for good, reliable information about various grain mills.
Mockmill (German built, high quality - my favorite, top rated.)
KoMo (German built - high end home mill)
NutriMill (electric kitchen mill)
Wonder Mill (electric and manual options)
Blendtec (electric kitchen mill)
GrainMaker (high quality manual mills)
Restel (stone mills - high quality)